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The 5 C’s of diamond

To establish a diamond’s quality, you must examine each of the 5C’s of the diamond. Carat Weight, Cut, Color, Clarity and Certification. It is the overall combination of these that determines the value and beauty of a particular diamond.  There is also a new measurement for diamonds, it is a measure of the actual amount of light that reflects back from the diamond - this is the fire - the brilliance of a diamond!  This measurement might be added to diamond appraisal values in the future.  Come in for more detail about this crucial diamond fact.


The less color in a diamond the whiter and more rare it is.

Diamonds are graded by color, starting at D and moving through the alphabet to Z, with D being the most colorless. While most diamonds appear white, virtually all display some hint of color.


The larger a diamond, the more rare it is, and the less likely it is to be flawless.

A diamond’s weight is measured in carats, and there are 100 points to each carat. Therefore, a diamond that weighs 75 points would be three-quarters of a carat.


The better cut a diamond, the more brilliant.

While nature determines a diamond’s clarity, carat weight and color, the hand of a master craftsman is necessary to release its fire, sparkle and beauty. A well cut or faceted diamond, regardless of its shape, scintillates with fire and light, offering the greatest brilliance and value.  Not only is the polishing of the facets important but the angle's and design for better light performance.


The purer the diamond, the more brilliant.

The greater a diamond’s clarity, the more brilliant, valuable and rare it is. Virtually all natural diamonds contain indentifying characteristics, yet many are invisible to the naked eye. Under the scrutiny of a microscope, natural phenomena, called inclusions, may be seen even in higher grades.


The fifth C, certification and the assurance of quality.

Just as important as choosing the perfect diamond, is having an outside opinion of the quality of your diamond. A diamond grading report is a quality certification from an independent gem laboratory. So you can rely not only on the opinion of the store you are purchasing the diamond from, but also a recognized gemological laboratory like GIA, EGL, IGS or others.

The sixth  C

"C"ome on in and talk to our diamond expert - Max about reflective brilliance!

Mistakes when buying diamonds
Come into Arwood's Custom Jewelry and let us show you that diamonds can not be bought by the numbers/grade.  The inherant beauty of a diamond is still up for debate.

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